Prevention is better than cure. It is a pearl of wisdom transmitted by generations, but with a little wisdom, we can bring our health to safety.
Researchers in health fields have found that eating saturated foods such as fast food, foods fried with hydrogenated fats, and also smoking, all lead to high blood pressure, increased cholesterol in the blood, obesity and heart attacks, as well as stroke, but how does the stroke occur? ?
Heart problems may lead to strokes, in addition to high blood cholesterol, and high blood pressure and diseases that cause blood clots may increase the risk of stroke.
Cholesterol can accumulate, and its accumulation leads to blockage of the carotid and vertebral arteries with fatty deposits, which leads to reduced blood flow to the brain, and then stroke.
When a blood clot blocks a blood vessel in the brain or neck, it is called a thrombus. Where heart problems can cause blood clots to form inside the heart, and these clots may leave their place and travel to the brain, thereby blocking the blood vessels in the brain, causing the stroke.Read:More years of obesity means higher risk of disease, study finds
When a person has chronic arterial hypertension, the blood vessels in his brain may be damaged, because arterial hypertension leads to narrowing of the blood vessels, which can lead to stroke. When the arteries narrow, this condition is called “narrowing.”
Arterial pressure may lead to a weakening of the blood vessels, which causes bloody bleeding in the brain. Bad habits, such as smoking, may increase your risk of vascular problems and stroke.
And a person can reduce the risk of stroke by changing some of his living habits that lead to damage to blood vessels in his body.
Stroke is a source of concern for many people, as it ranks highest in the world in terms of the number of deaths, as well as the deficit that it causes in the event of survival. Based on the seriousness of the situation, the focus of doctors and scientists around the world was to spread awareness among people and identify some indicators and warning signs Which warn of the imminence of a stroke and urged them to quickly go to the nearest hospital in the first three or four hours because of this extremely important role in saving the patient’s life.Read:Tiny wireless device sheds light on combating obesity
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However, how does a stroke occur?
When blood flow to a part of the brain is interrupted or severely reduced, a stroke occurs; this blood interruption prevents the brain tissue from obtaining oxygen and nutrients. Within minutes, brain cells would die. The most prevalent cause of these blockages is arteriosclerosis. The other cause occurs when a thrombus separates from its location in the artery walls from outside the brain or from the heart region, then the bloodstream carries it to the brain and leads to a blockage of vital blood vessels. When that thrombus settles in the blood vessel and blocks oxygen delivery to the brain, this causes damage to the brain tissue and nerve cells in what is known as cerebral infarction. Therefore, stroke is an emergency and must be treated immediately before further brain damage occurs as a result of cell death.
Some people may ask, “How can we know that it happened or was about to happen as long as the condition occurs without clear symptoms?”
The answer comes from experts and specialized doctors who have been working throughout the past years to spread awareness about this disease, which has contributed to a large extent in reducing the number of deaths resulting from stroke; they have reached some indicators and warning signs and have been working to spread them through awareness campaigns that Keen to educate the community.Read:Will the COVID-19 vaccine work as well in patients with obesity?
The most prominent of these symptoms that cause concern are:
- Problems speaking
- Speaking in an unclear
- Difficult understand speech.
- Paralysis or numbness of the face, arm, Leg, especially on one side of the body.
- Loss of balance with a walking problem that leads to tripping and falling to the ground
- Feeling sudden dizziness
- Sudden blurring of vision, Blurry
- Double vision with one or both eyes
- Sudden and severe headache, May be accompanied by vomiting
- Dizziness or a change in consciousness
These warning signs warrant the necessity of going immediately to the hospital because they indicate the beginning of a stroke, and the sooner the patient arrives, the more doctors can save the patient and limit the damage that will happen in the brain.
Also, high blood pressure is one of the most important reasons behind the occurrence of stroke, and it constitutes 50% of ischemic stroke injuries, which requires patients with pressure to follow up regularly and care to monitor blood pressure so that it does not exceed the normal rate.
Identify risk factors
Saving patients from the risk of a stroke, therefore, it is imperative to avoid the risk factors that contribute to its occurrence. Patients with blood pressure, diabetes, and patients who are overweight or have heart and arterial problems are more likely than others. On diabetes or pressure in anticipation of any emergency that may happen. These diseases increase the complications that contribute directly to the incidence of stroke, which requires the provision of effective treatments aimed at reducing the chances of a stroke.